1. The nurse is assessing a client with a neurologic health problem and discovers a change in level of consciousness from alert to lethargic. What is the n... [Show More] urse's best action?
a. Perform a complete neurologic assessment
b. Assess the crania nerve functions
c. Contract the RR team
d. Reassess the client in 30 min
2. The nurse on the neurologic acute care unit is assessing the orientation of a client with severe headaches. Which questions would the nurse use to determine orientation? Select all that apply.
a. When did you first experience the headache symptoms?
b. Who is the Mayor of Cleveland?
c. What is your health care provider’s name?
d. What year and month is this?
e. What is your parent’s address?
f. What is the name of this health care facility?
3. What is the priority nursing concern for a client experiencing a migraine headache?
d. Risk for brain injury
4. The nurse is creating a teaching plan for a client with newly diagnosed migraine headaches. Which key items will be included in the teaching plan? Select all that apply.
a. Foods that contain tyramine, such as alcohol and aged cheese, should be avoided
b. Drugs such as nitro and nifedipine should be avoided
c. Abortive therapy is aimed at eliminated the pain during the aura
d. A potential side effect of medications is rebound headache
e. Complementary therapies such as biofeedback and relaxation may be helpful
f. Estrogen therapy should be continued as prescribed by the client’s HC provider
5. After a client has a seizure, which action can the nurse delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
a. Documenting the seizure
b. Performing neurologic checks
c. Checking the client’s vital signs
d. Restraining the client for protection
6. The nurse is preparing to admit a client with a seizure disorder. Which action can be assigned to an LPN/LVN?
a. Completing the admission assessment
b. Setting up O2 and suction equipment
c. Placing a padded tongue blade at the bedside
d. Padding the side rails before the client arrives
7. A nursing student is teaching a client and family about epilepsy before the client's discharge. For which statement should the nurse intervene?
a. “You should avoid consumption of all forms of alcohol”
b. “Wear your medical alert bracelet at all times”
c. “Protect your love one’s airway during a seizure”
d. “its OK to take OTC medications”
8. A client with Parkinson disease has a problem with decreased mobility related to neuromuscular impairment. The nurse observes the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) performing all of these actions. For which action must the nurse intervene?
a. Helping the client ambulate to the bathroom and back to bed
b. Reminding the client not to look at his feet when he is walking
c. Performing the clients complete bathing and oral care
d. Setting up the client’s tray and encouraging the client to feed himself
9. The nurse is preparing to discharge a client with chronic low back pain. Which statement by the client indicates the need for additional teaching?
a. “I will avoid exercise because the pain gets worse”
b. I will use heat or ice to help control the pain
c. “I will not wear high-heeled shoes at home or work”
d. “I will purchase a firm mattress to replace my old one”
10. A client with a spinal cord injury (SCI) reports sudden severe throbbing headache that started a short time ago. Assessment of the client reveals increased blood pressure (168/94 mm Hg) and decreased heart rate (48 beats/min), diaphoresis, and flushing of the face and neck. What action should the nurse take first?
a. Administer the ordered acetaminophen
b. Check the Foley tubing for kinks or obstruction
c. Adjust the temperature in the client’s room
d. Notify the HC provider about the change in status
11. Which client should the charge nurse assign to a new graduate RN who is orientating to the neurologic unit?
a. A 28 y.o. newly admitted client with a SC injury
b. A 67 y.o. client who had a stroke 3 days ago and has left-sided weakness
c. An 85 y.o. client with dementia who is to be transferred to long-term care today
d. A 54 y.o. client with Parkinson’s who needs assistance with bathing
12. A client with a spinal cord injury at level C3 to C4 is being cared for by the nurse in the emergency department (ED). What is the priority nursing assessment?
a. Determine the level at which the client had intact sensation
b. Assess the level at which the client has retained mobility
c. Check BP and pulse for s/sx of spinal shock
d. Monitor respiratory effort and oxygen saturation level
13. The nurse is floated from the emergency department to the neurologic floor. Which action should the nurse delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) when providing nursing care for a client with a spinal cord injury?
a. Assessing the client’s respiratory status every 4 hours
b. Checking and recording the client’s VS q4 hours
c. Monitoring the client’s nutritional status, including calorie count
d. Instructing the client how to turn, cough, and breathe deeply q2 hours
14. The nurse is helping a client with a spinal cord injury to establish a bladder retraining program. Which strategies may stimulate the client to void? Select all that apply.
a. Stroking the client’s inner thigh
b. Pulling on the client’s pubic hair
c. Initiating intermittent straight cath
d. Pouring warm water over the client's perineum
e. Tapping the bladder to stimulate the detrusor muscle
f. Reminding the client to void in a urinal every hour while awake
15. A client with a cervical spinal cord injury has been placed in fixed skeletal traction with a halo fixation device. When caring for this client, the nurse may assign which actions to the LPN/LVN? Select all that apply.
a. Checking the client’s skin for pressure from the device
b. Assessing the client’s neurologic status for changes
c. Observing the halo insertion site for signs of infection
d. Cleaning the halo insertion sites with hydrogen peroxide
e. Developing the nursing plan of care for the client
f. Administering oral medications as ordered
16. The nurse is preparing a nursing care plan for a client with a spinal cord injury (SCI) for whom problems of decreased mobility and inability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) have been identified. The client tells the nurse, "I don’t know why we’re doing all this. My life's over." Based on this statement, which additional nursing concern takes priority?
a. Risk for injury
b. Decreased nutrition
c. Difficulty with coping
d. Impairment of body image
17. Which client should the charge nurse assign to the traveling nurse, new to neurologic nursing care, who has been on the neurologic unit for 1 week?
a. A 34-year-old client with newly diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS)
b. A 68-year-old client with chronic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
c. A 56-year-old client with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in respiratory distress
d. A 25-year-old client admitted with a C4-level spinal cord injury (SCI)
18. The critical care nurse is assessing a client whose baseline Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score in the emergency department was 5. The current GCS score is 3. What is the nurse's best interpretation of this finding?
a. The client’s condition is improving
b. The client’s condition is deteriorating
c. The client will need intubation and mechanical ventilation
d. The client’s medication regime will need adjustment
19. A client with multiple sclerosis tells the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) after physical therapy that she is too tired to take a bath. What is the priority nursing concern at this time?
b. Inability to perform ADLs
c. Decreased mobility
d. Muscular weakness
20. An LPN/LVN, under the RN's supervision, is assigned to provide nursing care for a client with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). What observation should the LPN/LVN be instructed to report immediately?
a. Reports of numbness and tingling
b. Facial weakness and difficulty speaking
c. Rapid HR of 102 bpm
d. Shallow respirations and decreased breath sounds
21. The RN notes that a client with myasthenia gravis has an elevated temperature (102.2°F [39°C]), an increased heart rate (120 beats/min), and a rise in blood pressure (158/94 mm Hg) and is incontinent of urine and stool. What is the nurse's best action at this time?
a. Administer an acetaminophen suppository
b. Notify the HC provider immediately
c. Recheck VS in 1 h
d. Reschedule the client’s PT
22. The nurse is providing care for a client with an acute hemorrhagic stroke. The client's spouse tells the nurse that he has been reading a lot about strokes and asks why his wife has not received alteplase. What is the nurse's best response?
a. “Your wife was not admitted within the time frame that alteplase is usually given."
b. “This drug is used primarily for clients who experience an acute heart attack."
c. "Alteplase dissolves clots and may cause more bleeding into your wife's brain."
d. "Your wife had gallbladder surgery just 6 months ago, so we can’t use alteplase."
23. The RN is supervising a senior nursing student who is caring for a client with a right hemisphere stroke. Which action by the student nurse requires that the RN intervene?
a. Instructing the client to sit up straight and the client responds with a puzzled expression
b. Moving the client's food tray to the right side of his over-bed table
c. Assisting the client with passive range-of-motion (ROM) exercises
d. Combing the hair on the left side of the client's head when the client always combs his hair on the right side
24. Which actions should the nurse delegate to an experienced unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) when caring for a client with a thrombotic stroke who has residual left-sided weakness? Select all that apply.
a. Assisting the client to reposition every 2 hours
b. Reapplying pneumatic compression boots
c. Reminding the client of active ROM exercises
d. Assessing the extremities for redness and edema
e. Setting up meal trays and assisting with feeding
f. Using a lift to assist the client up to a bedside chair
25. A client who had a stroke needs to be fed. What instruction should the nurse give to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) who will feed the client?
a. Position the client sitting up in bed before he or she is fed
b. Check the client’s gag and swallowing reflexes
c. Feed the client quickly because there are 3 more patients to feed
d. Suction the client’s secretions between bites of food
26. The nurse has just admitted a client with bacterial meningitis who reports a severe headache with photophobia and has a temperature of 102.6°F (39.2°C) orally. Which prescribed intervention should be implemented first?
a. Administer codeine 15mg orally for the client’s headache
b. Infuse ceftriaxone 2000mg IV to treat the infection
c. Give acetaminophen 650mg orally to reduce the fever
d. Give furosemide 40mg IV to decrease IC pressure
27. The nurse is mentoring a student nurse in the intensive care unit while caring for a client with meningococcal meningitis. Which action by the student requires that the nurse intervene most rapidly?
a. Entering the room without putting on a protective mask and gown
b. Instructing the family that visits are restricted to 10 min
c. Giving the client a warm blanket when he says he feels cold
d. Checking the client’s pupil response to light q30 min
28. A 23-year-old client with a recent history of encephalitis is admitted to the medical unit with new-onset generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Which nursing activities included in the client's care will be best to assign to an LPN/LVN whom the nurse is supervising? Select all that apply.
a. Observing and documenting the onset and duration of any seizure activity
b. Administering phenytoin 200 mg PO 3x a day
c. Teaching the client about the need for frequent tooth brushing and flossing
d. Developing a discharge plan that includes referral to the Epilepsy Foundation
e. Assessing for adverse effects caused by new antiseizure meds
f. Turning the client to his/her side to avoid aspiration
29. Which nursing action will be implemented first if a client has a generalized tonic-clonic seizure?
a. Turn the client to one side
b. Give lorazepam 2mg IV
c. Administer O2 via nonrebreather mask
d. Assess the client’s level of consciousness
30. A client who recently started taking phenytoin to control simple partial seizures is seen in the outpatient clinic. Which information obtained during the nurse's chart review and assessment will be of greatest concern?
a. The gums appear enlarged and inflamed
b. The WBC count is 2300/mm^3
c. The client sometimes forgets to take the phenytoin until afternoon
d. The client wants to renew her driver’s license in the next month
31. After the nurse receives the change-of-shift report at 7:00 am, which client must the nurse assess first?
a. A 23-year-old client with a migraine headache who reports severe nausea associated with retching
b. A 45-year-old client who is scheduled for a craniotomy in 30 minutes and needs preoperative teaching
c. A 59-year-old client with Parkinson disease who will need a swallowing assessment before breakfast
d. A 63-year-old client with multiple sclerosis (MS) who has an oral temperature of 101.8°F (38.8°C) and flank pain
32. All of the following nursing care activities are included in the care plan for a 78-year-old man with Parkinson disease who has been referred to the home health agency. Which activities will the nurse delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)? Select all that apply.
1. Checking for orthostatic changes in pulse and blood pressure
2. Assessing for improvement in tremor after levodopa is given
3. Reminding the client to allow adequate time for meals
4. Monitoring for signs of toxic reactions to anti-Parkinson medications
5. Assisting the client with prescribed strengthening exercises
6. Adapting the client's preferred activities to his level of function
33. The nurse is in charge of developing a standard plan of care for an Alzheimer disease care facility and is responsible for assigning and supervising resident care given by LPNs/LVNs and delegating and supervising care given by unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP). Which activity is best to assign to the LPN/LVN team leaders?
a. Checking for improvement in resident memory after medication therapy is initiated
b. Using the Mini-Mental State Examination to assess residents every 6 months
c. Assisting residents in using the toilet every 2 hours to decrease risk for urinary incontinence
d. Developing individualized activity plans after consulting with residents and family
34. A client who has Alzheimer disease is hospitalized with new-onset angina. Her spouse tells the nurse that he does not sleep well because he needs to be sure the client does not wander during the night. He insists on checking each of the medications the nurse gives the client to be sure they are "the same pills she takes at home." Based on this information, which nursing problem is most appropriate for this client?
a. Acute client confusion
b. Care provider role stress
c. Increased risk for falls
d. Noncompliance with therapeutic plan
35. The nurse is caring for a client with a glioblastoma who is receiving dexamethasone 4 mg IV push every 6 hours to relieve symptoms of right arm weakness and headache. Which assessment information concerns the nurse the most?
a. The client no longer recognizes family members
b. The blood glucose level is 234 mg/dL
c. The client reports a continuing headache
d. The family weight has increased 2.2 lb
36. A 70-year-old client with alcoholism who has become lethargic, confused, and incontinent during the last week is admitted to the emergency department. His wife tells the nurse that he fell down the stairs about a month ago but that "he didn’t have a scratch afterward." Which collaborative interventions will the nurse implement first?
a. Place the client on the hospital alcohol withdrawal protocol.
b. Transport the client to the radiology department for a computed tomography (CT) scan.
c. Make a referral to the social services department.
d. Give the client phenytoin 100 mg PO.
37. Which client in the neurologic intensive care unit should the charge nurse assign to an RN who has been floated from the medical unit?
a. A 26-year-old client with a basilar skull fracture who has clear drainage coming out of the nose
b. A 42-year-old client admitted several hours ago with a headache and a diagnosis of a ruptured berry aneurysm
c. A 46-year-old client who was admitted 48 hours ago with bacterial meningitis and has an antibiotic dose due
d. A 65-year-old client with an astrocytoma who has just returned to the unit after undergoing craniotomy
38. The nurse is providing care for a client newly diagnosed with early Alzheimer disease (AD). On assessment, which finding would the nurse expect to discover?
a. Short-term memory impairment
b. Rapid mood swings
c. Physical aggressiveness
d. Increased confusion at night
39. For which client with severe migraine headaches would the nurse question an order for sumatriptan?
1. A 58-year-old client with gastrointestinal reflux disease
2. A 48-year-old client with hypertension
3. A 65-year-old client with mild emphysema
4. A 72-year-old client with hyperthyroidism
40. A client with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is to undergo plasmapheresis to remove circulating antibodies thought to be responsible for the disease. Which client care action should the nurse delegate to the experienced unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?
1. Observe the access site for ecchymosis or bleeding.
2. Instruct the client that there will be three or four treatments.
3. Weigh the client before and after the procedure.
4. Assess the access site for bruit and thrill every 2 to 4 hours. [Show Less]