What does summarize mean?
to condense the content of a passage down to the main ideas, which you put into your own words
Most test questi... [Show More] ons will ask you to summarize a passage, or to identify which statement might be the best summary of a passage. This means that you must be able to identify the main idea(s) of the passage and put them into your own words (or recognize when someone else does so). Summaries are always shorter than the original because they are just the restatement of the main points, not any of the detail.
What is the author's tone?
the author's attitude toward a topic or audience
Tone is most often conveyed by the author through his/her word choice, but can also be affected by the structure and point of view. Tone descriptions are generally adjectives: solemn, exciting, informative, factual, sarcastic, etc.
The term implied means ____.
the answer is not stated explicitly
The reader must put together clues from the text to draw a conclusion. If something is implied, it is suggested but not outright stated.
The term author's purpose refers to ____.
the reason an author writes something
To determine purpose, ask yourself, "Why did this writer write this piece? What was he/she trying to convey to the reader?" Common purposes include: to explain, to persuade, to entertain, to describe, and to inform.
What is third-person limited perspective?
The story uses a narrator to describe the events from only one character's perspective. The reader follows that one character, usually the main character, through the course of the story.
Third-person limited is just that—a "limited" telling of the story. The reader doesn't know what other characters think or feel about the action in the story; they only get one perspective or point of view.
What is third-person omniscient perspective?
The story is told by a narrator who can get into the minds and thoughts of all characters, so the reader can see the action from multiple points of view.
To understand third-person omniscient perspective, think about sitting on a hill overlooking a town. You are removed from the town but can peek inside the windows of this house or into that building so you see all. You get the big picture and can also access any of the small details.
"The man was convicted of the crime after the prosecutors presented incontrovertible surveillance videotape evidence of the defendant at the scene of the crime, stealing the car."
The word incontrovertible, as used in this sentence, means ____.
unable to be denied or disputed; unquestionable; indisputable; cannot be doubted
There was no arguing against what could be seen with one's own eyes on the videotape. Science has provided incontrovertible answers as to how some of the natural world works.
"Isaac had an epiphany as he labored over his chemistry textbook the night before his test: he didn't need to read the whole thing cover to cover. If he made himself flashcards, he could concentrate on the topics he didn't know as well, while flipping quickly through the terms he was familiar with and do a much more effective job preparing for the test!"
The word epiphany, as used here, means ____.
a clear realization; a sudden understanding or enlightenment; an "aha!" moment
Although originally used in reference to the Christian festival to honor the Magi at the birth of Christ, epiphany has come to mean any sudden understanding or clarity of thought about what has previously been confusing or unclear.
"When it rained on the morning of her wedding day, then her dress got stuck in the limousine door, and her groom was 20 minutes late for the ceremony, Wendy did not think it was an auspicious beginning to their life together. Wendy and Lance have, however, been happily married for 30 years now."
The word auspicious, as used here, means ____.
a sign of future success; favorable; showing signs of good luck or good fortune
If something is auspicious, it's promising or encouraging. With all of those bad things that happened on her wedding day, Wendy didn't take them as good signs—they were inauspicious signs.
"The young man had such strong business acumen that he was a millionaire by the time he was 25 years old; he just seemed to know the good deals and how to stay away from bad deals."
The word acumen, as used in this sentence, means ____.
the ability to make good judgments quickly or intuitively; cleverness; keenness or understanding
If you have political acumen, you may have an easy time getting elected; educational acumen may mean school is a breeze for you; and sports acumen may land you a scholarship to a top school or a spot on a professional team.
"When we bought the new 72-inch TV for the living room, our previous 32-inch one was relegated to the garage."
The word relegated, as used in this sentence, means ____.
put in a lesser place, position, or rank; demoted
Since it's newer, bigger, and better, the 72" TV got a prominent place in the living room while the smaller, older TV was kicked out to the garage. At a job, you might be relegated to washing dishes until you move up the ranks to server or manager.
"As part of our English final exam, we had to write a 1,000-word essay and embed quotes from the texts we read this semester to support our ideas."
The word embed, as used in this sentence, means ____.
to include within, as an important part of the whole; to implant, insert, stick in, or place into a larger whole
When you embed quotes, you incorporate the words of others into your own writing. Nails may also be embedded into a piece of wood, fossils may be embedded in rock, or a splinter can be embedded in your finger.
"Annie was a very circumspect driver, which is why she had never had an accident or ticket in 35 years of driving."
The word circumspect, as used in this sentence, means ____.
one who gives thoughtful consideration of all possible outcomes or consequences before doing or saying anything
Because she is a careful driver, Annie hasn't had an accident or ticket while driving. She thinks about the consequences of speeding or running a red light and makes the decision to follow the rules and stay safe.
"Starbucks coffee shops are ubiquitous; you can't walk two blocks down a city street without passing at least one on each corner!"
The word ubiquitous, as used in this sentence, means ____.
present everywhere; seeming to be seen everywhere; all over the place
Because of their popularity, Starbucks has opened thousands of stores all over the world. As a result, sometimes it seems you can't turn around with seeing one.
"The fatuous comment made by Ryan, the class clown, made everybody laugh and frustrated the teacher whose serious lecture was interrupted by giggles."
The word fatuous, as used in this sentence, means ____.
silly, ridiculous, stupid, asinine
The word fatuous is an adjective to describe the noun comment in this sentence. If it made the class laugh during what was an otherwise serious lecture, then it must have been humorous or silly. [Show Less]