HESI EXIT EXAM V4 – QUESTION AND ANSWERS
HESI EXIT V4
1. The nurse is caring for a pre-adolescent client in skeletal Dunlop traction. Which nursing i... [Show More] ntervention is appropriate for this child?
A) Make certain the child is maintained in correct body alignment.
B) Be sure the traction weights touch the end of the bed.
C) Adjust the head and foot of the bed for the child's comfort
D) Release the traction for 15-20 minutes every 6 hours PRN.
The correct answer is A: Make certain the child is maintained in correct body alignment.
2. The nurse is assessing a healthy child at the 2 year check up. Which of the following should the nurse report immediately to the health care provider?
A) Height and weight percentiles vary widely
B) Growth pattern appears to have slowed
C) Recumbent and standing height are different
D) Short term weight changes are uneven
The correct answer is A: Height and weight percentiles vary widely
3. The parents of a 2 year-old child report that he has been holding his breath whenever he has temper tantrums. What is the best action by the nurse?
A) Teach the parents how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation
B) Recommend that the parents give in when he holds his breath to prevent anoxia
C) Advise the parents to ignore breath holding because breathing will begin as a reflex
D) Instruct the parents on how to reason with the child about possible harmful effects The correct answer is C: Advise the parents to ignore breath holding because breathing will begin as a reflex
4. The nurse is assessing a client in the emergency room. Which statement suggests that the problem is acute angina?
A) "My pain is deep in my chest behind my sternum."
B) "When I sit up the pain gets worse."
C) "As I take a deep breath the pain gets worse."
D) "The pain is right here in my stomach area."
The correct answer is A: "My pain is deep in my chest behind my sternum."
5. The nurse is assessing the mental status of a client admitted with possible organic brain disorder. Which of these questions will best assess the function of the client's recent
A) "Name the year." "What season is this?" (pause for answer after each question)
B) "Subtract 7 from 100 and then subtract 7 from that." (pause for answer) "Now continue to subtract 7 from the new number."
C) "I am going to say the names of three things and I want you to repeat them after me: blue, ball, pen."
D) "What is this on my wrist?" (point to your watch) Then ask, "What is the purpose of it?"
The correct answer is C: "I am going to say the names of three things and I want you to repeat them after me: blue, ball, pen."
6. In planning care for a 6 month-old infant, what must the nurse provide to assist in the development of trust?
The correct answer is C: Security
7. A nurse has just received a medication order which is not legible. Which statement best reflects assertive communication?
A) "I cannot give this medication as it is written. I have no idea of what you mean."
B) "Would you please clarify what you have written so I am sure I am reading it correctly?"
C) "I am having difficulty reading your handwriting. It would save me time if you would be more careful."
D) "Please print in the future so I do not have to spend extra time attempting to read your writing."
The correct answer is B) "Would you please clarify what you have written so I am sure I am
reading it correctly?"
8. What is the most important consideration when teaching parents how to reduce risks in the home?
A) Age and knowledge level of the parents
B) Proximity to emergency services
C) Number of children in the home
D) Age of children in the home
The correct answer is D: Age of children in the home
9. A 35 year-old client with sickle cell crisis is talking on the telephone but stops as the nurse enters the room to request something for pain. The nurse should
A) Administer a placebo
B) Encourage increased fluid intake
C) Administer the prescribed analgesia
D) Recommend relaxation exercises for pain control
The correct answer is C: Administer the prescribed analgesia [Show Less]