1. A thin patient presents in office with hyperpigmentation and salt cravings. What lab do
you want to do? ADDISON
2. Which diabetic oral m... [Show More] edication would you not want to use in a patient with HF?
ACTOS (Pioglitazone) (THIAZOLIDINEDIONES)
3. Elderly patient presents with acute eye pain, blurred vision, headache, and n/v? What
would you do?
Acute angle closure glaucoma, Refer to ED
4. You perform a fundoscopic exam on a patient and see a swollen optic disc with blurred
edges. What is this indicative of?
5. Geriatric patient with progressive loss of vision and probable open-angle glaucoma can
have notching of optic disc and changes in cup-to-disc ratio.
1. AV nicking = HTN (arterioles pressing on veins, arteries are smaller than veins, its
hypertensive retinopathy, copper wire arterioles, flamed shaped hemorrhages.
Cotton wool spots = diabetes and/or HTN
Papilledema = ICP/ Meningitis
Optic disc cupping = IOP/Glaucoma 22 or higher
***WILL GET 2 or 4 questions on this**
6. What are some causes of ICP?
Bleeding, tumor, abscess
7. What eye complaint is associated with sudden onset of floaters and
complaints of a curtain closing?
Retinal detachment, refer to ED
8. What sinusitis is dental pain associated with? Maxillary
9. What is a white, gray patch on the tongue or in the mouth called? What is it associated
Leukoplakia, HIV and oral cancer
10. Adolescent presents with a painful, yellow ulcer with red base inside the mouth. What is
Aphthous stomatitis, (canker sore) self-limiting. Resolves in 7-10
days. Can use magic mouthwash.
2. College student with single, painful, intra-oral lesion with yellow center and
erythematous base has aphthous ulcer. Aphthous stomatitis (canker sores): Single
ulcers could also be caused by trauma from biting, braces, tooth, hot food,
toothbrush; food intolerance or allergy; stress; hormone changes; genes;
medications; stopping smoking.
11. Besides avoiding allergens, what is the first line treatment for allergic rhinitis?
Intranasal steroids. (Budesonide)
12. A patient complains of swelling in the mouth, that is worse with meals, and comes and
goes. It is commonly seen under the tongue and diagnose him with sialolithiasis. What
is your treatment plan?
Increase fluids, moist heat, NSAIDS, abx if infected, and surgery to
13. On fundoscopic exam, you observe an artery crosses a vein and indents it. What is
this associated with?
AV nicking, HTN
14. A pediatric patient has small, red papules with a white center on the inside of their
mouth. What are they called? What are they associated with?
Koplik’s spots, Measles (Rubeola) [Show Less]