Interrelated Concepts (In order of emphasis)
4. Clinical Judgment
5. Patient Educat... [Show More] ion
UNFOLDING Reasoning Case Study: ANSWER KEY
Abruptio Placentae with Preterm Labor and Delivery
History of Present Problem:
Michelle Moore is a 38-year-old who is 29 weeks pregnant. She began prenatal care at 18 weeks gestation because she was waiting to become insured. She is currently in the Labor and Delivery Unit of the hospital following a call to her primary care provider. She reported that she had a sudden onset of constant severe uterine pain and began to notice that she had vaginal bleeding that bright red, soaked a maxi pad and then began soaking through her underwear. Her baby has not been moving as actively as normal since the pain and bleeding started.
Michelle works at a fast-food restaurant, standing on her feet for long hours. She usually works in the evenings and weekends. She is estranged from the father of the baby. Michelle’s father is able to help her with childcare once or twice a week. Michelle denies substance use including alcohol during her pregnancy. Michelle smokes 10 cigarettes daily, and says that she has decreased usage, but the stress of the pregnancy and having little support makes it difficult for her to quit.
Michelle reports that she usually eats at work to save money, and most meals consist of fried foods and diet sodas.
Michelle has a small apartment, but says she often has difficulty paying the rent on time, since child care is so expensive. She has a six-year old son who was born prematurely at 35 weeks. Michelle was diagnosed with a partial abruption during that delivery.
Past Medical History (PMH): Home Meds: Pharm. Classification: Expected Outcome:
• Gravida 4, Para 1 with a partial abruption at 35 weeks
• Two spontaneous abortions in the first trimester
• Menses began at age 12, are usually 29 days apart, lasting for 4-5 days, with moderate-to-light flow.
• Successfully breast fed her first child for 11 months.
• Vaccinations are up to date.
• Michelle is biracial: African American and Asian, and she was tested for sickle cell trait. Lab results reveal Michelle is a carrier of the trait. It is unknown if the father of the
baby is also a carrier. 1. Prenatal vitamin 1 tab PO daily
2. Acetaminophen 650 mg PO PRN every 6 hours for infrequent, mild headaches vitamin analgesic she will consume the nutrients needed for proper growth and development of the fetus.
She will be free of headache pain.
What data from the histories are RELEVANT and must be interpreted as clinically significant by the nurse?
RELEVANT Data from Present Problem: Clinical Significance:
previous partial abruption heavy vaginal bleeding severe uterine pain points to possible placenta abruption
RELEVANT Data from Social History: Clinical Significance:
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