PSYC 101 Quiz 1-14 Liberty University | Complete Answers $98.45 Add To Cart
Question 1 Dr. Finnegan, a psychological researcher, ensures that he maintains the privacy of his research records. Which ethical principle does this examp... [Show More] le describe? Question 2 Who is generally recognized as the founder of American psychology? Question 3 Dr. Fiennes, a psychological researcher, studies the biological bases of memory problems in the elderly using animal research subjects. Fiennes is a(n) ______ psychologist. Question 4 Which type of psychologist would be interested in memory loss in elderly individuals? Question 5 What is the most common doctoral degree awarded in the field of psychology? Question 6 A researcher adhering to the psychodynamic perspective would likely believe that depression Question 7 ______ describes the attempt to duplicate research findings reported by other scientists. Question 8 Dr. Burlington works with Ivy University’s basketball team, where he helps the athletes handle competitive pressures. He is also conducting a study to determine the most important factors influencing athletic performance anxiety. Burlington is probably a(n) ______ psychologist. Question 9 The word ‘psychology’ comes from two Greek roots that mean Question 10 A school psychologist would be most likely to Question 11 Every participant in an experiment has an equal chance of receiving one of the treatments. This is called Question 12 Psychology is a scientific discipline in that it focuses on Question 13 Regarding behaviorism, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 14 A correlation coefficient of 0.00 means Question 15 Psychology made the transition from philosophy to science with which event? Question 16 In researching a report on John Watson, which of the following search terms would yield the best results? Question 17 An extension of the behavioral perspective that incorporates the study of mental processes is termed ________. Question 18 An industrial/organizational psychologist would typically Question 19 Dr. von Waldner conducts research on depression. His hypothesis is that depression results from maladaptive thought patterns. From which perspective is von Waldner working? Question 20 A developmental psychologist would most likely [Show Less]
Question 1 Delta Epsilon fraternity sponsors a Beer Fest every October, where partygoers consume large amounts of alcohol. At the neurotransmitter level,... [Show More] what is happening to the partygoers? Question 2 A familial association study is used to determine Question 3 Which of the following best describes a synapse? Question 4 In the autonomic nervous system, _______ is to release, as ______ is to replenish. Question 5 ______ are also called neural impulses. Question 6 Broca’s area is located in the _______ lobe, while Wernicke’s area is located in the ______ lobe. Question 7 The brain has ______ major parts and they are called the ______. Question 8 The cerebral cortex accounts for approximately what percentage of the brain’s total mass? Question 9 Somatosensory information is processed by which lobe? Question 10 The peripheral nervous system connects the spinal cord and brain with the Question 11 Associative neuron is another name for Question 12 Shalanda’s daughter touches her hand. Sensory receptors in Shalanda’s skin transmit information about this sensation to Shalanda’s spinal cord and brain. Which type of neuron is responsible for this process? Question 13 Humans have _____ chromosomes. Question 14 Which of the following DOES NOT describe functions of the autonomic nervous system? Question 15 Dr. Williamson conducts research examining the effects of electrical stimulation in certain parts of the brain. Dr. Williamson has found that stimulation of this part of the brain in laboratory rats will result in changes to the rats’ mating, eating, and socialization behaviors. Based on this description, which part of the brain is Dr. Williamson most likely to be studying? Question 16 Endorphins are similar in chemical structure to which drug? Question 17 Which of the following does NOT occur during the refractory period? Question 18 After a motorcycle accident in which she wasn’t wearing a helmet, Vanessa has difficulty responding emotionally to unpleasant stimuli. Vanessa most likely experienced damage to which brain structure? Question 19 Regarding the relationship between the nervous system and the endocrine system, which of the following statements is best described as FALSE? Question 20 The resting potential of a neuron is a result of the [Show Less]
Question 1 Regarding color blindness, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 2 The basis of the place theory of pitch detection is that pi... [Show More] tch is determined by the place along the _______ that vibrates the most. Question 3 Difference thresholds are determined by a constant fraction of the magnitude of the original stimulus. This is the premise of Question 4 Humans can hear frequencies between about ______ cycles per second. Question 5 Joseph has been assisting the team doctor in his treatment of relatively minor but painful injuries for his football team. The doctor has carefully instructed Joseph to alternate between applying hot compresses and cold packs to the injured area. This treatment may be effective because both heat and cold send competing messages through the spinal cord that may temporarily block pain messages. This technique is known as Question 6 Regarding vision, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 7 Which sense is especially effective at stimulating emotional memories? Question 8 Limiting attention to certain stimuli and filtering out other stimuli is called Question 9 Compared to people with average taste sensitivity, people who are “supertasters” have Question 10 Red, green, and blueviolet light can be combined to create any color of the spectrum. This has been interpreted as supporting Question 11 When you are presented with the following visual information, “A,” your brain sees a series of lines and angles in a particular format and interprets this visual information as the letter “A.” This is an example of which concept from perception? Question 12 In human audition, the vibration of the ossicles is triggered by vibration of the _____ and transmitted directly to the ______. Question 13 Signal detection theory predicts all but which of the following? Question 14 Felicia is nearly hit by a car while crossing the street. Even though it is nearly dark and the colors of the cars appear faded, she tells the police officer it was definitely a blue car. Felicia’s experience is an example of ______. Question 15 Depth cues that require the use of both eyes are called Question 16 The process of sensation enables us to _________, where the process of perception enables us to _________. Question 17 All of the following are basic tastes EXCEPT Question 18 Evelyn walks past the cafe, which is emitting odors of freshbrewed coffee. Evelyn smells the odors, and her brain tells her she wants a cup of the delicious brew. Which of the following is responsible for carrying impulses from odor receptors in Evelyn’s nose to her brain? Question 19 Regarding the sensation of sound, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 20 The existence of afterimages provides support for the ________ theory of color vision. [Show Less]
Question 1 In which state of consciousness should a person’s level of awareness or attention be the highest? Question 2 Delta9tetrahydrocannabin... [Show More] ol is the psychoactive chemical in Question 3 Narcotics include which type of drug? Question 4 Regarding sleep patterns across the life cycle, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 5 Regarding consciousness, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 6 Regarding psychoactive drugs, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 7 The pattern of fluctuations in bodily processes that occur regularly each day are called ______. Question 8 Regarding sleep cycles, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 9 All but which of the following are depressants? Question 10 Which statement best describes effective treatment of sleep disorders? Question 11 The hormone melatonin helps synchronize the sleepwake cycle by means of Question 12 “Crack” is to _____ as “ice” is to ______. Question 13 Barbiturates are used for all of the following EXCEPT Question 14 Many of the drugs of abuse share the tendency to increase levels of which neurotransmitter in the brain? Question 15 Hashish is a potent form of which psychoactive drug? Question 16 Which organ is most severely damaged by alcohol abuse? Question 17 In general, nightmare disorder occurs in ______ sleep, while sleep terror disorder occurs in ______ sleep. Question 18 The SCN (suprachiasmatic nucleus) works to regulate the sleepwake cycles by means of Question 19 Kelsey has a sleep disorder in which she suddenly wakes up in the night with a panicky scream. She is only able to remember fragments of her dream images, and she is dazed and frightened upon awakening. Which sleep disorder does Kelsey most likely have? Question 20 From a Freudian perspective, the purpose of dreams is to [Show Less]
Question 1 Karl wishes to reinforce positive behavior in his fourthgrade students. After identifying the desired behaviors, what would be Karl’s next ... [Show More] step? Question 2 In a typical classical conditioning experiment by Pavlov, a buzzer or tone serves as a(n) Question 3 A child receives a dime for, on average, every 5 dandelions he pulls from the yard. This is an example of a ______ schedule of reinforcement. Question 4 Velma takes headache medicine to relieve pain. The medicine serves to remove the pain. This is an example of Question 5 Which of the following does NOT belong? Question 6 In classical conditioning, a conditioned response can weaken and eventually disappear. This is referred to as Question 7 ______ is a process by which two people in a relationship list the behaviors of the other that they would like changed, and then they agree to reinforce each other for making the changes. Question 8 A reflexive reaction triggered by a stimulus is a(n) Question 9 Following extinction, a conditioned response can be learned again more quickly than it was learned originally. This process is called Question 10 Which of the following is the best definition of reinforcer? Question 11 Which of the following can best be described as an example of latent learning? Question 12 Through classical conditioning, Alyce has developed a fear of mice. She also shows a fear response to gerbils and hamsters. Alyce is demonstrating Question 13 The Law of Effect was proposed by Question 14 Your significant other gives you a compliment, and you smile at him/her. The probability that s/he will give you another compliment increases. This is an example of which type of learning? Question 15 Compared to continuous reinforcement, partial reinforcement results in _______ learning that is _______ to extinguish. Question 16 The process of learning in which the consequences of a response determine the probability that the response will be repeated is called Question 17 Which of the following can best be described as an example of observational learning? Question 18 Pavlov found that the strength of a conditioned response increased with the number of pairings of the Question 19 Chris has been experiencing a number of problems on the job. In order to get away from his problems for a while, Chris regularly drinks heavily in the evening, after work. We can explain this behavior as a form of Question 20 The systematic application of learning principles to help people overcome phobias is called ______ therapy. [Show Less]
Question 1 When Jacques wants to learn a new concept, he attempts to connect it with previously existing knowledge. This is an example of Question 2 Whi... [Show More] ch of the following suggests that longterm memory is organized in terms of an elaborate arrangement of associated concepts? Question 3 The conversion of shortterm memory into longterm declarative memory most likely involves the Question 4 Why do students generally perform better on multiplechoice tests than on essay tests? Question 5 Regarding research on forgetting and decay theory, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 6 Regarding eyewitness testimony, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 7 In retrograde amnesia, Question 8 Regarding eidetic imagery, which of the following statements is TRUE? Question 9 The major role of genes in memory may be their ability to control Question 10 All but which of the following factors influence the reliability of eyewitness testimony? Question 11 Grace knows how to tie a square knot and how to drive an automobile with a standard transmission. These are examples of Question 12 The levelsofprocessing theory explains the Question 13 Dr. Ohno conducts research on retrospective memory. Which type of memory will Ohno’s research participants be recalling? Question 14 The process of converting unstable, shortterm memory into lasting, stable memories is called Question 15 Because of an accident he suffered last month, Jason suffers from anterograde amnesia. As a result, he may have trouble remembering _____. Question 16 When questioning eyewitnesses, openended questions tend to _________ but tend to elicit _________. Question 17 Which student is taking a test that is a recognition task? Question 18 In a free recall task, an individual is asked _____. Question 19 The Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve suggests that forgetting Question 20 Tasha is studying for a test in geography. She has discovered that the word “HOMES” can help her remember the names of the Great Lakes. Tasha is using a(n) _____ to aid her memory. [Show Less]
Question 1 Martin looks at his class syllabus and notices that his professor will lecture today on the work of Noam Chomsky. What is most likely to be the ... [Show More] focus of the lecture? Question 2 Taking an overview of the theories of intelligence, all but which of the following are fair conclusions? Question 3 In Binet’s method of intelligence testing, the age at which a child’s performance peaked was considered his or her Question 4 Eric was tested at school for entry into the gifted program. It is likely that Eric scored at least _____ on his intelligence test. Question 5 Regarding human language development, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 6 Regarding theories of intelligence, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 7 What is the sequence for language development? Question 8 Who adapted the BinetSimon Intelligence Test for American use and established norms for the test? Question 9 Paul is trying to research a problem online. He has found a wealth of relevant information. He is examining the information he has collected with a critical attitude, trying to ensure that the information he has collected is valid. Paul is engaged in which aspect of creative problem solving? Question 10 Concerns with intelligence tests include all of the following EXCEPT Question 11 The terms “veggie burger” and “cell phone” represent which process underlying creative thinking? Question 12 Chalanda is described as suffering from a moderate intellectual disability. She likely has an IQ in the range of Question 13 Chrissy relies on a “rule of thumb” to solve her problem. In scientific terms, Chrissy’s strategy is called a(n) Question 14 All but which of the following are examples of phonemes? Question 15 What is the major drawback of algorithms? Question 16 Thirdgrade teacher Victor serves as a proctor for administration of group IQ tests to children at his school. Victor has been instructed to make sure that he follows the uniform procedures for administering the test in order to make sure the test is used correctly. With which criteria of test administration is Victor concerned? Question 17 Stella uses a problemsolving technique in which she proposes as many solutions to a problem as possible, no matter how farfetched or weird the ideas seem. Which technique is Stella using? Question 18 Whose theory of intelligence has had a particularly strong influence on the field of education? Question 19 Regarding concepts, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 20 Which of the following statements regarding language development is most strongly supported by the evidence? [Show Less]
Question 1 Nervous system activation is reflected most directly in which component of emotions? Question 2 The technical name for a lie detector test is... [Show More] a(n) Question 3 Of the following emotions Ken experiences, which is most likely to be processed in his right prefrontal cortex? Question 4 Who is a major researcher in the study of need for achievement? Question 5 Regarding sources of motivation, selfgratification is to ______ as money is to ______. Question 6 Which of the following is not one of the six universally recognized emotional expressions? Question 7 Mrs. Taylor has two new immigrant girls in her fourthgrade class: Soledad from Mexico and LiHua from China. Should she expect the two to differ in how they display emotion? Question 8 After not having eaten for a while, blood sugar _______ and fat cells ________. Question 9 Which hormone do scientists believe works on the hypothalamus to stimulate appetite and eating? Question 10 What is an instinct? Question 11 Shelby, an avid bird watcher, explains that birds build nests because that is their nature. Shelby advocates ________ theory. Question 12 The physiological component of an emotional experience involves _____. Question 13 Curlee has a good ability to recognize emotions in herself and in others. She is also able to effectively manage her emotions. Curlee appears to have high levels of Question 14 Of the following factors, which is most likely to be linked to personal happiness? Question 15 The twofactor theory of emotion suggests that emotions Question 16 Regarding stimulus motives, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 17 Generalizing from Zuckerman’s research on sensation seeking, which of the following statements best describes a sensationseeker? Question 18 In drive theory, biological drives are also known as Question 19 Empathy is most likely to play a role in which aspect of emotional intelligence? Question 20 Joshua’s cerebral cortex is involved in all but which of the following emotional experiences? [Show Less]
Question 1 Maria suffers from a bone disease characterized by loss of bone density in which the bones become porous, brittle, and more prone to fracture. W... [Show More] hich disease is she likely to have? Question 2 Nineyearold Dakoda realizes that the quantity of water in a glass remains the same, even when the water is poured into a different shaped glass and appears to look like more or less. In Piaget’s terms, Dakoda has developed Question 3 The biological unfolding of an organism according to its underlying genetic code is called Question 4 In descriptions of temperament, another term for “slowtowarmup” is Question 5 The ability to think abstractly and flexibly in solving problems is referred to as Question 6 What type of infant temperament is generally associated with better adjustment in adulthood? Question 7 According to Erikson, middle adulthood is to ______ as early adulthood is to _______. Question 8 According to Erik Erikson, people who forge a strong sense of ego identity earlier in development are more likely to achieve what in early adulthood? Question 9 Elvin is 75 years old. He is rather sad because he regrets the wasted opportunities in life and feels he has made a lot of mistakes. From Erikson’s perspective, this reflects a sense of Question 10 Sixtyfiveyearold Pablo is terminally ill with cancer. In terms of the stages of death and dying, how can his family and health care providers best help him? Question 11 An unlearned response to a particular stimulus is a(n) Question 12 If Derek is like the average American father, he is more likely than the mother to engage in which of the following activities with his infant daughter? Question 13 Nolan was born with a hole in the tube surrounding his spinal cord. Which disorder does Nolan have? Question 14 Sixmonthold Charlotte fits the characteristics of a slowtowarmup temperament. Charlotte would be expected to exhibit all but which of the following? Question 15 How are bonding and attachment different? Question 16 Regarding infants’ learning abilities, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 17 Which reflex may have had the survival value in ancestral times of preventing infants from falling as their mothers carried them around all day? Question 18 Fortytwoyearold Jon is experiencing a psychological challenge. He is grappling with the loss of his youth and feels “trapped,” perceiving a lack of future options. Based on this discrimination, what is Jon most likely experiencing? Question 19 Which of the following best describes Erikson’s concept of stagnation? Question 20 What general term does Piaget use for the process of changing to function more effectively in responding to environmental challenges? [Show Less]
Question 1 From Freud’s perspective, a boy resolves his Oedipus complex by Question 2 In the humanistic perspective, realization of one’s own potent... [Show More] ial is known as Question 3 Mahatma Gandhi’s lifelong commitment to nonviolent solutions to social problems would likely be considered an example of a(n) ______ trait. Question 4 In Mischel’s theory, which person variable concerns the ability to plan courses of action to achieve goals and obtain rewards? Question 5 Ingmar’s boss ridiculed him in front of the whole office. When Ingmar returns home, he yells at his wife and children and kicks his dog. This is an example of Question 6 Gordon Allport thought that cardinal traits are _____. Question 7 According to Freud, most of the human mind resides in the ______, and primitive sexual and aggressive instincts lie in the ______. Question 8 All but which of the following are premises of Adler’s individual psychology? Question 9 Rorschach developed a famous personality test that uses __________ as stimuli. Question 10 Watson and Skinner believed that Question 11 Which of the following students is demonstrating a positive expectancy about schoolwork? Question 12 In _____, people are presented with a set of ambiguous stimuli that produce responses that must be interpreted by the examiner. Question 13 Cybill takes a personality test based on Eysenck’s theory and finds that her “type” is extravertedstable. Which description most likely fits Cybill? Question 14 The most widely adopted trait model of personality today is the Question 15 In Freudian theory, the failure to acknowledge a threatening impulse or desire is called Question 16 Paul forgets to call his motherinlaw on her birthday. He says it just slipped his mind. In the Freudian view, this type of forgetting may represent the defense mechanism of Question 17 The psychoanalytic perspective suggests that too much or too little gratification at a psychosexual stage may result in Question 18 Jacob and his friends like to lie around on summer days, stare up at the clouds, and tell each other what they see in the clouds. Their activity is most like which test of personality? Question 19 Who developed the 16PF personality test? Question 20 Raymond Cattell thought that surface traits are _____. [Show Less]
Question 1 Edwin happens upon a crime in progress but does nothing to assist the victims or even summon the police. Later, he says he was afraid for his pe... [Show More] rsonal safety. This type of explanation, which may help explain the inaction of witnesses in the case of Kitty Genovese, is best described by the principle of _________. Question 2 Dr. Longstocking is a research psychologist who studies attitudes, cognitive dissonance, and first impressions. Which type of psychologist is Dr. Longstocking? Question 3 Carlotta has recently befriended Phyllis, who has been driving Carlotta’s children to day care. The new friendship is most likely based on Question 4 Regarding research evidence on aggression, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 5 Miguel is asked to describe himself. Which of Miguel’s statements represents his personal identity? Question 6 The tendency for people to reduce their efforts when working as part of a group is called Question 7 The triangular model of love is described by each of the following components the triangular theory of love EXCEPT Question 8 Which of the following definitions best describes outgroup negativism? Question 9 Frida is a CEO who must make an important decision regarding the future of her company. When Frida meets with her Board of Directors to discuss this decision, she should do all but which of the following? Question 10 The tendency to adjust one’s behavior to actual or perceived social pressures is called Question 11 Making friends with neighbors supports which influence on attraction? Question 12 The contact hypothesis suggests that prejudice Question 13 JoAnne goes to the local electronics store to purchase a $30 DVD player that was advertised in the paper. Upon arriving, the salesperson tells her that they have just run out and offers to show JoAnne some other models. JoAnne ends up purchasing a $150 DVD player. JoAnne has been the victim of which technique of persuasion? Question 14 Jamal is in a situation where another person needs help. According to the bystander intervention model, Jamal’s first step will be Question 15 Cognitive dissonance results when Question 16 Regarding stereotypes, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 17 Which of the following statements regarding prejudice is FALSE? Question 18 Asch is to ______ as Milgram is to ______. Question 19 Willem is a skilled pianist. He has recently started playing the violin. When an audience is present, Willem probably Question 20 Jamal is asked to describe himself. Which of Jamal’s statements represents his social identity? [Show Less]
Question 1 Regarding genetic factors in schizophrenia, which of the following statements is false? Question 2 Schizophrenia follows a _______ and typica... [Show More] lly develops _______. Question 3 Which anxiety disorder has the highest lifetime prevalence in the population? Question 4 Delusions of ______ describe the most common theme among schizophrenia patients. Question 5 The secondary gain of conversion symptoms refers most closely to which of the following? Question 6 All but which of the following have been implicated in the development of borderline personality disorder? Question 7 Perhaps the earliest idea regarding abnormal behavior was that Question 8 All but which of the following statements describes antisocial personality disorder? Question 9 Eleanor is a quiet 41yearold housewife. Occasionally, she seems to “become” a 14 yearold male juvenile delinquent. Other times she “becomes” a 52yearold, foulmouthed alcoholic. This sounds like a textbook case of Question 10 According to Freud, psychological symptoms Question 11 The patterns of behavior in personality disorders are, in many cases, Question 12 Pablo has an intense fear of giving oral presentations in class. He also is very fearful of dating. Based on this description, he is probably suffering from Question 13 Which of the following statements about schizophrenia is true? Question 14 Jurgen has been diagnosed as having a phobia. This means that Jurgen experiences Question 15 The cognitive model of panic disorder focuses on misinterpretations of Question 16 A diathesis is a Question 17 Bertram suffers from schizophrenia with symptoms of catatonia. Sometimes he seems to "freeze up" in an unusual body position for hours at a time. This particular symptom is called Question 18 Phobias develop through associations of aversive stimuli with previously neutral stimuli. This expresses the ______ explanation of phobia development. Question 19 Perceptions are to _____ as beliefs are to ______. Question 20 Personality disorders are a cluster of psychological disorders [Show Less]
Question 1 All but which of the following are reasons given in the text as to why racial and ethnic minorities have less access to mental health care than ... [Show More] the majority group? Question 2 Victor Van Dusen takes an antidepressant to cope with his depressive disorder. On which neurotransmitters is his antidepressant likely to work? Question 3 Gloria has been diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. She will most likely be treated with Question 4 Minor tranquilizer drugs are also called Question 5 Callie is participating in a behavior therapy method in which her therapist first teaches her relaxation techniques. Based on this description, what is most likely to be Callie’s therapy of choice? Question 6 Which drug can produce mild impairments in memory and must be closely monitored because of its potentially toxic effects? Question 7 Electroconvulsive shock therapy is effective in treating Question 8 Dr. Lau is a couple therapist. What is the most typical problem she is likely to target in treatment? Question 9 Metaanalyses of the effectiveness of psychotherapy suggest Question 10 Caleb Burke is a hyperactive child with a poor attention span and disruptive behaviors. Caleb is likely to be treated with which type of drug? Question 11 In a study reported in the text, which orientation was most often reported by a group of clinical and counseling psychologists? Question 12 In psychoanalysis, Hannah seems to hesitate when talking about her relationship with her father. Hannah’s hesitation may describe Question 13 Which of the following is NOT a feature of systematic desensitization? Question 14 After Raymond described his dream to his therapist, efforts were made to figure out what the dream meant, or its Question 15 Psychotropic drugs are also known as _______ drugs. Question 16 Tricyclic antidepressants raise brain levels of neurotransmitters by Question 17 All but which of the following are advantages of group therapy over individual therapy? Question 18 Which of the following does NOT belong? Question 19 Regarding electroconvulsive therapy, which of the following statements is FALSE? Question 20 Regarding clientcentered therapy, which of the following DOES NOT belong? [Show Less]
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