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Childhood is one of the stages of human development. For several years, childhood has been viewed from very few perspectives that would limit the possibili... [Show More] ty of a universal and common understanding of childhood. For example, most of the common definitions defined childhood based on qualities such as physical and emotional immaturity and vulnerability as compared to adults (Herring, 2018, p30). Meanwhile, other definitions depended on the chronological age, typically regarding everyone under the age of maturity as a child. This alone had a discrepancy since different countries had different ages of majority, with some placing it at eighteen while others placed it at sixteen. In most developed countries, the recorded birth date of individuals dictates their personal and legal activities, determining their employability and other activities (Merriman, 2019, p25). Still, in other societies, childhood is not based on the individuals’ chronological ages. Instead, societies look at such factors as the start of menstruation, heights, facial hair or any other physical markers to determine whether one is already an adult or still a child (Rao et al., 2017, p19). For instance, a girl growing breasts was considered a shift from childhood to adulthood among several African societies until recently. All these differences indicate non-congruence to a common universal understanding of childhood. [Show Less]
For the longest time, many people have continued to believe that the state is responsible for controlling the social conflicts in various societies for var... [Show More] ious reasons. Conspiracy theorists promote this theory. For example, many people still believe that the state orchestrates conflicts such as civil wars, cattle rustling, and inter-community disputes to achieve some agenda. While this may be true for some states, it may not be the case for all states. Therefore, this question raises further thinking on the subject, a process that is important both to the state and the populace. This question is important because many a time, people rely on rumors and conspiracies to explain the source of social conflicts with the state being the scapegoat or being seen as being at the center of every conflict as an architect and perpetrator. Therefore with this question, people may begin to find evidence to their hypotheses. [Show Less]
This is an annotated Bibliography on The Psychology of Terrorism. In the broadest sense, terrorism refers to the use of deliberate violence due to politica... [Show More] l and religious motivations. For a long time, various groups have risen against each other because they do not agree with them politically or religiously, killing them and seeking to destroy them. While there is no universal definition or understanding of the concept of terrorism, several governments and non-state groups have continued to use the term to denounce those they find politically wrong, by associating the term with immorality. As a result, terrorism is one subject that has been the subject of study and debate for as long as it has existed, with scholars from various disciplines attempting to define the concept for academic purposes. This paper seeks to address two pieces of work by psychology scholars, and derive insight from their thoughts on the psychology behind terrorism. [Show Less]
O’Brien had served in the military during the Vietnam War, having been recruited at a young age. After the war, O’Brien continued to remember several i... [Show More] nstances during the war and how the events had shaped his life for a long time. When he and Elroy Berdahl rode in the boat to the Rainy River, Berdhal switched off the engine and became silent. Even though he did not explicitly tell O’Brien what he thought, O’Brien discovered that Berdahl did that to allow him to choose whether he would jump into the water and swim to Canada or stay in his country. Unknown to Berdahl, this visit to the Rainy River became one of the most significant moments. Although there were several events around the visit to the Rainy River, the memory of the things with which O’Brien identified the United States became the most significant moment to him. They reminded him of his young destiny as it got shaped several years earlier on as he prepared to join the Vietnam War. Therefore, although Elroy Berdahl left him to choose a life for himself, O’Brien’s choice to remain in the United States must have been primarily motivated by his desire to be loyal to his country and avoid embarrassment. The visit to the Rainy River was one of the most significant moments for O’Brien. [Show Less]
In the book Memories of a lost war: American poetic responses to the Vietnam War, the author recounts the deaths of at least fifty-five thousand American s... [Show More] oldiers during the Vietnam War. One of the soldiers in the war was Joseph Gregory Artavia, from San Francisco, who was at the rank of Sergeant at the time of his death at the age of nineteen on 24th March 1968 (vvmf.org). Reading the book presents saddening pictures to the reader, which may, to an extent, prove the words of the book’s author on how futile it is to engage in war instead of seeking peace. In O’Brien’s novel, The things They Carried, O’Brien recounts carefully the various things that the soldiers carried to the Vietnam war, reminding the reader about the purpose for which the soldiers carried each of the things. While the author recounts the various things carried to the war, a closer reading presents the reader with the fact that the letters and photographs First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross carried present the more significant metaphor of what engaging in combat and war truly means to the soldiers. [Show Less]
The advent of electronic gadgets such as mobile phones, personal computers, and the internet has significantly affected individuals’ social lives around ... [Show More] the world. For example, through the internet, the world has now become a global village where it is now increasingly possible for people to interact virtually without meeting. Facebook is an example of internet platforms where individually meet in thousand through the internet. It is now possible for people to have discussions and meetings with hundreds, thousands, or even millions of people virtually. Unfortunately, with the several advantages with which such platforms come, several problems are associated with them (Brevers, 555). For example, Facebook is continually being criticized for its inability to ensure that children do not interact with adults and share content that is meant only for adults. Moreover, interactive social media has been responsible for most of the irresponsible behaviour witnessed among children. [Show Less]
Workplace diversity has got to do with all the efforts to ensure that people from all backgrounds are allowed equal opportunities for recruitment, training... [Show More] and promotions at the workplace. It refers to the efforts put in place to ensure that people are not discriminated against based on their race, sexual orientation and identity, and any other basis upon which one would be discriminated. Many companies strive to attain the highest possible diversity since it is one of the key elements in ensuring that a company achieves its full potential. Diversity is key for companies since failure to embrace diversity can cause people to perceive a company as not fair enough in promoting social wellbeing. Google LLC is one company that has sought to promote diversity and has come up with several policies whose implementation is likely to see the company continuing to dominate the world as the company with the most diverse workforce. This paper, therefore, aims to discuss diversity in Google LLC, paying attention to the company’s current status and some of the plans it is putting in place to improve diversity in the future. [Show Less]
The renaissance refers to the period in European history that marked the shift from the Middle Ages to modernity, occurring after the Crisis of the Middle ... [Show More] Ages. One of the things for which the era is mostly known is the changes it brought to the social organizations in Europe (Wood, 2012, p88). The renaissance’s primary intellectual basis was its version of humanism. According to this version, that was borrowed from Greek philosophers such as Protagoras, who proposed that “man is the measure of all things.” This new concept of humanism manifested in various human aspects ranging from art, architecture, politics, literature, and science. The age of Enlightenment, also referred to as the Age of Reason, was an era marked by several intellectual and philosophical movements in Europe. It evolved from the just-ended renaissance humanism and the scientific revolution (Wood, 2012, p103). It arose out of Descartes’ philosophy of Cogito, ergo sum, and partly out of some of Isaac Newton’s works. This era manifested in several human activities that included but not limited to philosophy, politics, religion, and culture. Therefore, although the two historical periods borrowed significantly from each other, there were significant differences in how religion, politics, philosophy, and literature manifested in the two. This paper seeks to compare the two eras, reconnaissance and the age of Enlightenment, based on how philosophy, politics, religion, and culture manifested in the two. [Show Less]
In the United States, racism traces the negative attitudes and perceptions that people have towards others, and which are shaped by other people’s race o... [Show More] r ethnicity. Over the years, white Americans have continued to enjoy more privileges than the rest of the people. For example, European Americans of Anglo-Saxon protestant origins have continued to enjoy better access to education, immigration, voting, and even judiciary procedures. On the other hand, the people of color, such as the Red Indians and the African Americans, have continued to receive harsh treatment and minimal opportunities to enjoy as many privileges as their white counterparts (Egede, 2020). This paper aims to discuss racism against African Americans, paying particular attention to racism’s sociological causes and explanations. The paper shall also delve into the social factors that contribute to discrimination against African Americans. Lastly, the paper shall discuss some of the suggested solutions to the problem. [Show Less]
For several millennia, homosexuality has existed in several of the world’s societies. However, the behaviour has always been met with extreme opposition ... [Show More] from the same community. Since most society members do not find it morally acceptable for others to express their homosexual behaviours, they have either harmed the homosexuals directly or made it hard for them to exercise their will freely. For example, one way they have dealt with homosexuals is through imprisonments, discrimination at schools or workplaces, and other measures aimed at converting them to what would be considered normal. In response to the anti-homosexual treatments, homosexual people have strived to challenge dominant social constructions of masculinity, femininity, homophobia, and the importance of gender hetero-normativity (Northen, 2008). During the Second World War, the fight for LGBT rights heightened further due to several reasons. This paper aims to discuss the various ways through which the Second World War shaped the LGBT movements across the world. [Show Less]
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