Christopher Columbus was convinced that he discovered a route to the East Indies because it lined up with his maps and the current beliefs of... [Show More] his day. However, he was wrong. This example demonstrates a problem with:
Noetic structure refers to:
The doxastic assumption is:
According to externalism one must be aware of whether his cognitive processes are functioning properly or not.
The areas on knowledge that Descartes doubted include:
Discussions of vice and virtues tend to arise within which major area of philosophy?
Vices might be described as characteristics that are destructive in nature.
Intellectual virtue is best described as:
Thomas Aquinas thought that moral and intellectual virtues were closely related.
Being intellectually virtuous helps us to avoid common mistakes in our thinking that keeps us from knowledge.
When the used car salesman tells Steve that the particular car he is considering purchasing has less than fifteen thousand actual miles on it, Steve is, quite naturally, a bit skeptical about this claim, particularly since the car is over ten years old and looks a little worse for wear. In exhibiting this level of doubt, Steve is expressing:
When Descartes employs systematic doubt against the beliefs he holds, he discovers that:
According to Dew and Foreman, most rational people believe that it is extremely rarely for our senses to mislead us.
Which of the following is NOT commonly given by philosophers as a reason for adopting some form of skepticism:
To say that it is impossible to have knowledge is itself a claim to knowledge, and is for that reason a selfdefeating assertion.
Select the one below that is NOT a difficulty with W.K. Clifford’s approach to evidentialism
While Clifford’s form of evidentialism may have its difficulties, most contemporary epistemologists agree that it is, at the very least, not a selfdefeating position, and this is part of what makes it a good option for epistemic justification.
Ginger believes that the dog she sees in her neighbor’s back yard is her own Labrador Retriever named Sam. Since there are no other Labrador Retrievers in the neighborhood fitting the same description as Sam, and since the dog Ginger sees in her neighbor’s yard seems to recognize Ginger’s voice when she calls out to it, Ginger quite naturally believes the dog in her neighbor’s back yard is her dog Sam. It turns out, however, that the dog in her neighbor’s back yard is in fact not Ginger’s dog but the Labrador of a visiting relative of her neighbor. On an internalist account of justification, since it turns out not to be true that Ginger saw her dog Sam in her neighbor’s back yard, Ginger was not justified in believing it was her own dog in the first place.
Those holding to some form of externalism in rationality tend to argue that, since it is impossible for persons to have any cognitive access to the reasons and evidence that support some of a person’s beliefs, internalists cannot be right with respect to their account of justification for all beliefs. [Show Less]