NURS 3151 / NURS3151 Foundations on Nursing Research
Quiz - Week 1
Understanding the research process is a necessary skill for nurses to... [Show More] incorporate evidence-based practice into patient care.
Having a unique body of nursing knowledge is an expected outcome of nursing research.
The best research evidence is the empirical knowledge generated from traditions and trial and error.
Characteristics of qualitative research include objective, statistical analysis, cause and effect basis of nursing, and generalization.
The evolution of nursing research dates back to Florence Nightingale. Her research priorities were focused on:
a. diet and adequate nutrition for patients
b. organization and administration of hospitals
c. ventilation and cleanliness of wards
d. All of these are correct
Nursing research priorities in the 21st century include all but:
a. Development of nursing diagnoses (NANDA)
b. Health promotion and the Healthy People Initiative
c. Reduction of risk to prevent harm to the patient
d. Use of evidence-based practice to reduce health care costs
Which of the following is an example of a well-written research problem?
a. Education of individuals with diabetes using health coaches has not been studied.
b. Diabetes is increasing in prevalance. Education is provided mainly in hospitals and provider offices. The use of health coaches and telehealth devices to improvement compliance with treatment plans has not been evaluated in rural communities.
c. Diabetes is increasing across the nation. Methods to provide patient education to increase adherence to treatment regimens needs to be studied.
d. The use of health coaches by third party payors is being implemented. The effectiveness needs to be studied to determine if health care costs decrease.
Research problems can be identified by all but:
a. clinical practice patient safety concerns
b. discussions between researchers
c. reading nursing journals
d. television talk shows addressing health issues
With the completion of baccalaureate education, the BSN nurse is prepared to:
a. critique research articles
b. designs research methods
c. develop instruments for data collection
d. select statistical programs to analyze data
Which of the following is a type of quantitative research?
a. Ethnographic research
b. Historical research
c. Quasi-experimental research
d. Phenomenological research
Which of the following is a type of qualitative research?
a. Correlational research
b. Experimental research
c. Grounded theory
d. Outcomes research
The highest level of evidence used to support clinical decisions in nursing practice is:
a. expert opinion of respected authorities
b. single correlational study
c. single experimental study
d. systematic review
The ___________ was established in 1989 to facilitate outcomes research.
a. Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research (AHQR)
b. Center for Disease Control
c. National Clinical Practice Guidelines Commission
d. National Institutes of Health Research
clinical nurse researcher is analyzing twelve months of data following the implementation of a fall reduction program in a long term care facility. This type of research is
a. correlational research
b. experimental research
c. historical research
d. outcomes research
A well-written research problem includes a description of all but
a. a gap in knowledge
b. a patient care issue that needs improvement
c. the hypothesis to be tested
d. the importance to patients, families and the health care system
Research problems are developed from
a. clinical practice issues
b. literature reviews
c. research priorities identified by funding agencies
d. all of these are correct
Which of the following is a research purpose?
a. To determine the effect of biofeedback on blood pressure.
b. What is the relationship between biofeedback and blood pressure?
c. Weekly participation in biofeedback will decrease blood pressure over time.
d. Does weekly participation in biofeedback decrease blood pressure over time?
Which of the following is a research aim or objective?
a. How does cardiac rehabilitation reduce the incidence of anxiety and sleep disturbances?
b. The incidence of anxiety and sleep disturbances will be decreased by participation in twelve weeks of cardiac rehabilitation.
c. Does participation in twelve weeks of cardiac rehabilitation reduce the incidence of anxiety and sleep disturbances?
d. To understand the relationship between participation in twelve weeks of cardiac rehabilitation and the incidence of anxiety and sleep disturbances in elderly rural Kentucky males.
Research questions in qualitative studies
a. are more specific that those found in quantitative studies
b. have a narrow focus with a limited number of variables to be studied
c. have a broad focus and include complex concepts
d. include the statistical analysis used to analyze the data
A feasibility study is completed to determine if there are sufficient resources to conduct a study.
What is the relationship between post-operative infection rate and sterile dressing changes following cholecystectomy is a research purpose.
Quantitative research questions focus on the identification or description of the variables to be studied.
Replication of research studies may be conducted to determine if the findings are similar to previous studies.
Descriptive research is a type of qualitative research used to analyze events that have occurred in the past.
Match the type of research with the example:
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the life experiences of individuals undergoing amputation
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the use of silicone tipped catheters on the incidence of UTI’s in ICU patients
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the relationship between nurse fatigue and medication errors
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the effects of implementing a staffing methodology on sick leave use over six months
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the relationship between the use of sterile gloves during PICC line insertion on the development of sepsis over the previous four months
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the experience of loneliness and the use of isolation while being treated for C. diff infections to develop a theory
- a. b. c. d. Researcher measures the fall rate residents in long term care who receive daily Vitamin Dover 6 months
- a. b. c. d. Researcher randomly assigns patients to the study or the control group to study the effects on arrhythmia development following myocardial infarction
- a. b. c. d. Researcher studies the effect of weekly blood pressure screening at a senior center on medication compliance
- a. b. c. d. Researcher randomly assigns patients to two groups. One group receives anti-anxiety medication and the other group receives weekly counseling
a. Qualitative research
b. Intervention research
c. Quantitative research
d. Outcomes research [Show Less]