The first-line treatment for cough related to a upper respiratory infection in a five-year-old is:
2. Pregnant patients with asthma may safely use ____ th... [Show More] roughout their pregnancies.
3. A stepwise approach to the pharmacologic management of asthma:
4. Infants with reflux are initially treated with:
5. Many patients self-medicate with antacids. Which patients should be counseled to not take calcium carbonate antacids without discussing with their providers or a pharmacist first?
6. Second-generation antihistamines such as loratadine (Claritin) are prescribed for seasonal allergies because they:
7. Decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed):
8. Patients with pheochromocytoma should avoid which of the following classes of drugs due to the possibility of developing hypertensive crisis?
9. Education of patients with COPD who use inhaled corticosteroids includes the following:
10. Monitoring a patient with persistent asthma includes:
11. Harold, a forty-two-year-old African American, has moderate persistent asthma. Which of the following asthma medications should he use cautiously, if at all?
12. When prescribing montelukast (Singulair) for asthma, patients or parents of patients should be instructed as follows:
13. Lifestyle changes are the first step in the treatment of GERD. Foods that may aggravate GERD include:
14. Christy has exercise and mild persistent asthma and is prescribed two puffs of albuterol fifteen minutes before exercise and as needed for wheezing. One puff per day of beclomethasone (Qvar) is also prescribed. Teaching regarding her inhalers includes which one of the following?
15. One goal of asthma therapy outlined by the NHLBI Expert Panel 3 guidelines is:
16. Treatment failure in patients with PUD associated with H. pylori may be due to:
17. When using the "step-up" approach in caring for a patient with GERD, the "step up" from OTC antacid use is:
18. Long-term use of PPIs may lead to:
19. Art is a fifty five year old smoker who has been diagnosed with angina and placed on nitrates. He complains of headaches after using his nitrate. An appropriate reply might be:
20. . In teaching about the use of sublingual nitroglycerine, the patient should be instructed:
21. A potentially life-threatening adverse response to ACE inhibitors is angioedema. Which of the following statements is true about this adverse response?
22. Patients who are being treated for folate deficiency require monitoring of:
23. Treatments for heart failure, including drug therapy, are based on the stages developed by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology. Stage A patients are:
24. Furosemide is added to a treatment regimen for heart failure, which includes digoxin. Monitoring for this combination includes:
25. Isosorbide dinitrate is a long-acting nitrate given twice daily (BID). The schedule for administration is 7 a.m. and 2 p.m. because:
26. The New York Heart Association and the Canadian Cardiovascular Society have described grading criteria for levels of angina. Angina that occurs with unusually strenuous activity or on walking or climbing stair after meals is:
27. Kyle has Crohn's disease and has a documented folate deficiency. Drug therapy for folate deficiency anemia is:
28. The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology have devised a classification system for heart failure that can be used to direct treatment. Patients with symptoms and underlying disease are classified as:
29. Disease states in addition to hypertension in which beta blockade is a compelling indication for the use of beta blockers include:
30. Which of the following classes of drugs is contraindicated in heart failure?
31. Which of the following is true about procainamide and its dosing schedule?
32. At which stage/classification of hypertension should drug therapy be instituted according to the JNC-7 Report?
33. Jose is a twelve-year-old overweight child with a total cholesterol level of 180 mg/dL and LDL of 125 mg/dL. Along with diet education and recommending increased physical activity, a treatment plan for Jose would include ____ with a reevaluation in six months.
34. Patients who have angina, regardless of class, who are also diabetic should be on:
35. If not chosen as the first drug in hypertension treatment, which drug class should be added as the second step because it will enhance the effects of most other agents?
36. Donald has been diagnosed with hyperlipidemia. On the basis of his lipid profile, atorvastatin is prescribed. Rhabdomyolysis is a rare but serious adverse response to this drug. Donald should be told to:
37. 2ND LINE TX FOR GERD: quadruple therapy - 2nd line therapy for those who fail treatment initially is the PPI twice a day plus metronidazole plus tetracycline plus bismuth subsalicylate for 14 days
38. How will you choose a diuretic in the treatment of hypertension?:- Check kidney function, thiazide diuretic need to have a GFR higher than the mid 40 mL/min range...
39. After H. pylori treatment is completed, the next step in peptic ulcer disease therapy is::1. Testing for H. pylori eradication with a serum ELISA test
40. .Angela is a 5-year-old patient who presents to the clinic with a 48-hour history of nausea, vomiting, and some diarrhea. She is unable to keep fluids down and her weight is 4 pounds less than her last recorded weight. Besides IV fluids, her exam warrants the use of an antinausea medication. Which of the following would be the appropriate drug to order for Angela?:
42. Decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)::
44. .How are upper respiratory infections treated?: -
45. Phenylephrine can be useful for patients with symptomatic relief in adults without
46. If a patient with H. pylori-positive peptic ulcer disease fails first-line therapy, the second-line treatment is::
47. .If a patient with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease states that he has been self-treating at home with OTC ranitidine daily, the appropriate treatment would be::
48. Jaide will be traveling to Mexico with her church group over spring break to build houses. She is concerned she may develop traveler's diarrhea. Advice includes following normal food and water precautions as well as taking::
49. Mech of action for muscarinic antagonist:
50. Metoclopramide improves gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms by::
51. Michelle is a 72-year-old patient who takes omeprazole for her chronic GERD. Chronic long-term omeprazole use places her at increased risk for::
52. Misoprostol should not be given to:
53. Patients on digioxin and albuterol should have what checked?:
54. Patients who are on chronic long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy require monitoring for::
55. Reglan (metoclopramide):
56. Richard is a 10-year-old patient who presents with uncomfortable constipation. Along with diet changes, a laxative is ordered to provide more rapid relief of constipation. An appropriate choice of medication for a 10-year-old child would be::
57. Stan, a 42-year-old African American, has moderate persistent asthma. Which of the following asthma medications should be used cautiously, if at all?:
58. Tiotropium bromide (Spiriva) is an inhaled anticholinergic::
59. Treatment failure in patients with peptic ulcer disease associated with H. pylori may be because of::
60. What are the disadvantages of using stimulant laxatives for prolonged periods of time?:-
61. What conditions should cause a patient to avoid the use of antihistamines?:
62. .What do H2 blockers do?:
63. What do PPI's do?:
64. What ethnic background should not be prescribed long-acting beta agonists?:
65. What is the first line therapy for peptic ulcer disease with a positive H. pylori?:-
66. What is the mechanism of action of codeine in the suppression of cough?:
67. What is the mechanism of action of docusate sodium?:-
68. What is the mechanism of action of ondansetron?:-
69. What is the mechanism of action of the phenothiazine antiemetics?:
70. What is the Step Down Approach with GERD?:
71. What is the Step Up Approach with GERD?:-
72. Asthma exacerbations at home are managed by the patient by:
73. Howard is a seventy-two-year-old male who occasionally takes diphenhydramine for his seasonal allergies. Monitoring for this patient taking diphenhydramine would include assessing for:
74. A patient with a COPD exacerbation may require
75. Decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed):
76. An acceptable first-line treatment for PUD disease with positive H. pylori test is:
77. In five- to eleven-year-old children, mild-persistent asthma is diagnosed when asthma symptoms occur:
78. When treating a patient using the "step-down" approach, the patient with GERD is started on ____ first
79. Monitoring a patient with persistent asthma includes:
80. Patients with pheochromocytoma should avoid which of the following classes of drugs due to the possibility of developing hypertensive crisis?
81. Metoclopramide improves GERD symptoms by:
82. Patients who are on chronic long-term PPI therapy require monitoring for:
83. Digoxin levels need to be monitored closely when the following medication is started:
84. Patients with pheochromocytoma should avoid which of the following classes of drugs because of the possibility of developing hypertensive crisis?
85. Stan, a 42-year-old African American, has moderate persistent asthma. Which of the following asthma medications should be used cautiously, if at all?
86. Long-acting beta-agonists (LTBAs) received a Black Box Warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration due to the:
87. The bronchodilator of choice for patients taking propranolol is:
88. Mathew is a 52-year-old overweight smoker taking theophylline for his persistent asthma. He tells his provider he is going to start the Atkin's diet for weight loss. The appropriate response would be:
89. Marty takes theophylline for his persistent asthma and calls the office with a complaint of nausea, vomiting, and headache. The best advice for him would be to:
90. Tiotropium bromide (Spiriva) is an inhaled anticholinergic:
91. Angela has exercise-induced and mild persistent asthma and is prescribed two puffs of albuterol 15 minutes before exercise and as needed for wheezing. One puff per day of beclomethasone (QVAR) is also prescribed. Teaching regarding her inhalers includes:
92. When educating patients who are starting on inhaled corticosteroids, the provider should tell them that:
93. Patients with allergic rhinitis may benefit from a prescription of:
94. William is a 72-year-old male who occasionally takes diphenhydramine for his seasonal allergies. Monitoring for this patient taking diphenhydramine would include assessing for:
95. When recommending dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) to treat motion sickness, patients should be instructed to:
96. Cough and cold medications that contain a sympathomimetic decongestant such as phenylephrine should be used cautiously in what population:
97. George is a 60-year-old patient with hypertension. The first-line decongestant to prescribe would be:
98. Prior to developing a plan for the treatment of asthma, the patient's asthma should be classified according to the NHLBI Expert Panel 3 guidelines. In adults, mild-persistent asthma is classified as asthma symptoms that occur:
99. In children age 5 to 11 years mild-persistent asthma is diagnosed when asthma symptoms occur:
100. One goal of asthma therapy outlined by the NHLBI Expert Panel 3 guidelines is: [Show Less]