NREMT Test Bank - Multiple Choice With Updated
Answers & Rationales, 2022
Hypoglycemia and acute ischemic stroke can present similarly because:
• A:bo... [Show More] th oxygen and glucose are needed for brain function.
• B:the majority of stroke patients have a history of diabetes.
• C:the most common cause of a stroke is hypoglycemia.
• D:they are both caused by low levels of glucose in the blood. - • A:both oxygen and
glucose are needed for brain function.
Reason: Although stroke and hypoglycemia are two distinctly different conditions,
their signs and symptoms are often similar. This is because the brain requires both
oxygen and glucose to function normally. An acute ischemic stroke is caused by a
lack of oxygen to a part of the brain due to a blocked cerebral artery, whereas
hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level) deprives the entire brain of glucose. In either
case, the patient presents with signs of impaired brain function (ie, slurred speech,
weakness, altered mental status). Both conditions may lead to permanent brain
damage or death if not treated promptly.
When dealing with an emotionally disturbed patient, you should be MOST concerned
• A:gathering all of the patient's medications.
• B:safely transporting to the hospital.
• C:whether the patient could harm you.
• D:obtaining a complete medical history. - You selected C; This is correct!
Reason: When managing any patient with an emotional or psychiatric crisis, your
primary concern is your own safety. Safely transporting the patient to the hospital is
your ultimate goal. If possible, you should attempt to obtain a medical history and
should take any of the patient's prescribed medications to the hospital. However, this
should not supercede your own safety or interfere with safely transporting the patient.
You are at the scene where a man panicked while swimming in a small lake. Your
initial attempt to rescue him should include:
• A:rowing a small raft to the victim.
• B:reaching for the victim with a long stick.
• C:throwing a rope to the victim.
• D:swimming to the victim to rescue him. - You selected B; This is correct! [Show Less]