1. A nurse is assessing a client who is 12hr postoperative following a colon resection.
Which of the following findings should the nur... [Show More] se report to the surgeon?
a. Heart rate 90/min
b. Absent bowel sounds
c. Hgb 8.2 g/dl
d. Gastric pH of 3.0
2. A nurse is caring for a client who has diabetes insipidus. Which of the following
medications should the nurse plan to administer?
b. Regular insulin
d. Lithium carbonate
3. A nurse is admitting a client who has arthritic pain and reports taking ibuprofen several
times daily for 3 years. Which of the following test should the nurse monitor?
a. Fasting blood glucose
b. Stool for occult blood
c. Urine for white blood cells
d. Serum calcium
4. A nurse in the emergency department is assessing a client. Which of the following
actions should the nurse take first (Click on the “Exhibit” button for additional information
about the client. There are three tabs that contain separate categories of data.)
a. Obtain a sputum sample for culture
b. Prepare the client for a chest x-ray
c. Initiate airborne precautions
d. Administer ondansetron.
5. A nurse is contacting the provider for a client who has cancer and is experiencing
breakthrough pain. Which of the following prescriptions should the nurse anticipate?
a. Transmucosal fentanylb. Intramuscular meperidine
c. Oral acetaminophen
d. Intravenous dexamethasone
6. A nurse is admitting a client who reports chest pain and has been placed on a
telemetry monitor. Which of the following should the nurse analyze to determine whether the
client is experiencing a myocardial infarction?
a. PR interval
b. QRS duration
c. T wave
d. ST segment
7. A nurse is teaching a client who has ovarian cancer about skin care following radiation
treatment. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include?
a. Pat the skin on the radiation site to dry it
b. Apply OTC moisturizer to the radiation site
c. Cover the radiation site loosely with a gauze wrap before dressing
d. Use a soft washcloth to clean the area around the radiation site
8. A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving a blood transfusion. The nurse observes
that the client has bounding peripheral pulses, hypertension, and distended jugular veins.
The nurse should anticipate administering which of the following prescribed medications?
9. A nurse is assessing a client who is receiving magnesium sulfate IV for the treatment
of hypomagnesemia. Which of the following findings indicates effectiveness of the
a. Lungs clear
b. Apical pulse 82/min
c. Hyperactive bowel sounds
d. Blood pressure 90/50 mm Hg10. A nurse is reviewing a client’s ABG results pH 7.42, PaC02 30 mm Hg, and HCO3 21
mEq/L. The nurse should recognize these findings as indication of which of the following
a. Metabolic acidosis
b. Metabolic alkalosis
c. Compensated respiratory alkalosis
d. Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
11. A nurse is caring for a client who has a deep partial thickness burns over 15% of her
body which of the following labs should the nurse expect during the first 24 hours
a. Decreased BUN
d. Decreased Hematocrit
12. A nurse is caring for a client who has dumping syndrome following a gastrectomy,
which of the following actions should the nurse takes?
a. Offer the client high carbohydrate meal options
b. Provide the client with four full meals a day
c. Encourage the client to drink at least 360 ml of fluids with meals
d. Have the client lie down for 30 minutes after meals
13. A nurse is teaching a group of young adult clients about risk factors for hearing loss.
Which of the following factors should the nurse include in the teaching? SATA
a. Born with a high weight
b. Chronic infections of the middle ear
c. Use a loop diuretic such as furosemide and antibiotics like aminoglycoside and
d. Perforation of the ear drum
e. Frequent exposure to low volume noise
14. A nurse is preparing to administer fresh frozen plasma to a client. Which of the
following actions should the nurse take?a. Administer the plasma immediately after thawing
b. Transfuse the plasma over 4 hours
c. Hold the transfusion if the client is actively bleeding
d. Administer the transfusion through a 24-gauge saline lock
15. A nurse is assessing a client who reports numbness and tingling of his toes and
exhibits a positive trousseau. Which of the following electrolyte imbalance should the
16. A home health nurse is teaching a client how to care for a peripherally central catheter
in his right arm. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the teaching?
a. Change the transparent dressing over the insertion site every 48 hours
b. Clean the insertion site with mild soap and water
c. Measure your right arm circumference once weekly
d. Use a 10milliliter syringe when flushing the catheter
17. A nurse is caring for a client who has a central venous access device. Which of the
following assessment findings should the nurse report to the provider?
a. RBC count of 4.7 million/mm
b. BUN 22-mg/ dl
c. WBC count of 16,000/ mm
d. Blood glucose of 120 mg/dl
18. A nurse is providing dietary teaching to a client who has chronic kidney disease and a
decreased glomerular filtration rate. Which of the following statements by the client indicates
an understanding of the teaching?
a. I will spread my protein allowances over the entire day
b. I should increase my intake of canned salmon to three times per week
c. I will season my food with lemon pepper rather than salt
d. I should limit my intake of hard cheese to 3 ounces each day19. A nurse is caring for a client who has a peripherally inserted central catheter. The
client is receiving an antibiotic via intermittent IV bolus. Which of the following actions should
the nurse take?
a. Administer 20 ml of 0.9 sodium chloride after each dose of medication
b. Flush the catheter using a 5 ml syringe
c. Verify the placement with an x-ray prior to the initial dose
d. Change the transparent membranes dressing daily
20. A nurse is teaching a client using a metered dose rescue inhaler. Which of the
following statements should the nurse include in the teaching?
a. Do not shake your inhaler before use.
b. Exhale fully before bringing the inhaler to your lips
c. Depress the canister after you inhale
d. Use peroxide to clean the mouthpiece if your inhaler
21. A nurse is assessing the pain status of a group of clients. Which of the following
findings indicate a client is experiencing referred pain?
a. A client who has angina reports substernal chest pain
b. A client who has pancreatitis reports pain in the left shoulder
c. A client who is postoperative reports incisional pain
d. A client who has peritonitis reports generalized abdominal pain
22. A nurse is caring for a client who has just returned from surgery with an external
fixator to the left tibia. Which of the following assessments findings requires immediate
intervention by the nurse?
a. The client reports a pain level of 7 on a scale from 0 -10 at the operative site.
b. The client’s capillary refill in the left toe is 6
c. The client has an oral temperature of 38.3 (100.9 F)
d. The client has 1 [Show Less]