HESI FUNDAMENTALS 2020 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
1. A policy requiring the removal of acrylic nails by all nursing personnel was implemented 6 months ago. W... [Show More] hich assessment measure best determines if the intended outcome of the policy is being achieved.
a. Number of staff induced injury
b. Client satisfaction survey
c. Health care-associated infection rate.
d. Rate of needle-stick injuries by nurse.
2. The nurse is preparing to assist a newly admitted client with personal hygiene measures. The client...the client’s gag reflex. Which action should the nurse include?
A. Offer smalls sips of water through a straw B. Place tongue blade on back half of tongue
C. Use a penlight to observe back of oral cavity D. Auscultate breath sounds after client swallows 3. The father of an 11-year-old boy…. inform the father that it is most important to let the son that nocturnal emissions are normal
4. The nurse explains to an older adult male the procedure for collecting a 24-hour urine specimen for creatinine clearance.
A. Assess the client for confusion and reteach the procedure
B. Check the urine for color and texture
C. Empty the urinal contents into the 24- hour collection container
D. Discard the contents of the urinal
5. A 54-year-old male client and his wife were informed this morning that he has terminal cancer. Which nursing intervention is likely to be most
A. Ask her how she would like to participate in the client’s care
B. Provide the wife with information about hospice
C. Encourage the wife to visit after painful treatments are completed
D. Refer her to support group for family members of those dying of cancer
6. A client who has a body mass index (BMI) of 30 is requesting information on the initial approach to a weight loss plan. Which action should the nurse recommend?
A. Plan low carbohydrate and high protein meals Engage in strenuous activity for an hour daily
B. Keep a record of food and drinks consumed daily
C. Participated in a group exercise class 3 times a week
7. The nurse assesses a client who has a nasal cannula delivering oxygen at 2 L/min. To assess for skin damage related to the cannula, which areas should the nurse observe?
A. Tops of the ear
B. Bridge of the nose
C. Around the nostrils D. Over the cheeks
E. Across the forehead
8. The nurse observes an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) who is providing a total bed bath for a confused and lethargic client. The UAP is soaking the client’s foot in a basin of warm water placed on the bed. What action should the nurse take?
a. Remove the basin of water from the client’s bed immediately
b. Remind the UAP to dry between the client’s toes completely
c. Advise the UAP that this procedure is damaging to the skin
d. Add skin cream to the basin of water while the foot is soaking
9. The nurse in the emergency department observes a colleague viewing the electronic health record (EHR) of a client who holds an elected position in the community. The client is not a part of the colleague’s assignment. Which action should the nurse implement?
a. Communicate the colleague’s actions to the unit charge nurse
b. Send an email to facility administration reporting the action
c. Write an anonymous complaint to a professional website
d. Post a comment about the action on a staff discussion board
10. At 0100 on a male client’s second postoperative night, the client states he is unstable to sleep and plans to read until feeling sleepy. What action should the nurse implement?
a. Leave the room and close the door to the client’s room
b. Assess the appearance of the client’s surgical dressing
d. Discuss symptoms of sleep deprivation with the client
11. The nursing staff in the cardiovascular intensive care unit are creating a continuous quality improvement project on social media that addresses coronary artery disease (CAD). Which action should the nurse implement to protect client privacy?
c. Share material credible, peer sources only
Recall that authored content may be legally discoverable
copyright laws when adding website content
12. A male client with unstable angina needs a cardiac catheterization, so the healthcare provider explains the risks and benefits of the procedure, and then leaves to set up for the procedure. When the nurse presents the consent form for signature, the client hesitates and asks how the wires will keep his heart going. Which action should the nurse take?
a. Answer the client’s specific questions
with a short understandable explanation
d. healthcare Postpone the procedure until the client understands the risks and benefits
provider to return and provide additional explanation
Call the client’s next of kin and ask them to provide verbal consent
13. The nurse is teaching a client how to do active range of motion (ROM) exercises. To exercise the hinge joints, which action should the nurse instruct the client to perform?
a. Tilt the pelvis forwards and backwards
arm at the ide and
14. A client has PRN
Turn the head to the right and left
Extend the rotate in circles postoperative three different analgesics
prescribed for different levels of pain. The nurse inadvertently administers a dose that is not within
the prescribed parameters. What actions should the nurse take first?
a. Access for side effects of the medication.
b. Document the client’s responses.
c. complete a medication error report.
d. Determine if the pain was relieved.
15. When assessing a male client, the nurse finds that he is fatigue, and is experiencing muscle weakness, leg cramps, and cardiac dysrhythmias. Based on these findings, the nurse plans to check the client’s laboratory values to validate the existence of which?
d. Hypokalemia [Show Less]