HESI EXIT EXAM 2 – QUESTION AND ANSWERS
A nurse on the psychiatric unit of the hospital has been assigned four clients for the shift. The assignment... [Show More] includes an 84-year-old client who is severely depressed, a 73-year-old client who is being discharged, a 53-year-old client who was admitted for lithium toxicity, and a 48-year-old client who has panic attacks. Which client should the nurse evaluate first after receiving report?
The 53-year-old client should be evaluated first because of the severity of adaptations associated with lithium toxicity. A severely depressed client has a low energy level and is not at the greatest risk at this time. A client who is stable enough to be discharged does not need immediate attention. Clients with panic attacks usually seek immediate attention when it is needed.
A young female client admitted to the trauma center after being sexually assaulted continues to talk about the rape. Toward what goal should the primary nursing intervention be directed?
Getting her involved with a rape therapy group
Remaining available and supportive to limit destructive anger
Exploring her feelings about men to promote future relationships
Providing a safe environment that permits the ventilation of feelings
The client needs to be able to express her current feelings. Providing an environment in which she feels safe will encourage this expression of feelings. It is too soon after the assault to discuss this topic in a group. Although the nurse should be available and supportive, feelings of anger are usually not the initial response. It is too soon after the assault to discuss her feelings about men and future relationships.
A client is dying. Hesitatingly, his wife says to the nurse, "I'd like to tell him how much I love him, but I don't want to upset him." Which is the best response by the nurse?
"You must keep up a strong appearance for him."
"I think he'd have difficulty dealing with that now."
"Don't you think he knows that without your telling him?"
"Why don't you share your feelings with him while you can?"
It is difficult to work through a loss; however, encouraging the sharing of feelings helps both parties to feel better about having to let go. The response "You must keep up a strong appearance for him" impedes the work of acceptance of one's finality and the use of the remaining time to the best advantage. There is no evidence to suggest that the client cannot cope with these emotions; the response "I think he'd have difficulty dealing with that now" denies that this is a time for closeness and honesty. The response "Don't you think he knows that without your telling him?" is demeaning, closes off communication, and does not foster the expression of feelings.
A nonviolent client on the psychiatric unit suddenly refuses to take the prescribed antipsychotic medication. What should the nurse do?
Honor the client's decision and document the behavior and all interventions
Use an authoritarian approach to induce the client to take the prescribed medication
Call the health care provider and request that the client be discharged against medical advice
Start proceedings to have the client declared incompetent and seek a court order permitting medication
A client has the right to refuse treatment and should not be forcibly medicated unless the client is deemed dangerous to him- or herself or others. An authoritarian approach is not therapeutic and may compromise the nurse-client relationship. Calling the health care provider is premature; first the nurse should attempt therapeutic interventions to meet the client's needs. Starting proceedings to have the client declared incompetent is appropriate for a client who is considered to be dangerous to him- or herself or others, or incompetent to evaluate necessary treatment.
STUDY TIP: When forming a study group, carefully select members for your group. Choose students who have abilities and motivation similar to your own. Look for students who have a different learning style than you. Exchange names, email addresses, and phone numbers. Plan a schedule for when and how often you will meet. Plan an agenda for each meeting. You may exchange lecture notes and discuss content for clarity or quiz one another on the material. You could also create your own practice tests or make flash cards that review key vocabulary terms.
Which psychotherapeutic theory uses hypnosis, dream interpretation, and free association as methods to release repressed feelings?
Social-interpersonal model [Show Less]