Sophia - Environmental Science - Unit 4 Challenge 2
1 — Climate Change
Identify scientific observations that support the idea of climate change.
Of th... [Show More] e options below, which is used by scientists as evidence of man-made climate change?
• a.) The growing number of endangered species
• b.) The descending sea levels
• c.) The melting of glaciers and polar ice caps
• d.) The steep increase in the incidence and severity of skin cancer
2 — Causes of Climate Change
Determine the causes of climate change.
Which human activity does NOT contribute large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere?
• a.) Raising of livestock
• b.) Burning of fossil fuels
• c.) Urban sprawl
• d.) No-till farming
3 — Impacts of Climate Change
Compare the impacts of climate change and their possible effects.
Alterations in weather is a major area of concern about climate change and can result in ___________.
• a.) plants and animals shift their habitats
• b.) changes in infectious diseases
• c.) hazardous waste disposal
• d.) stress on household, industrial and agricultural water supplies
4 — Efforts to Address Climate Change
Recognize the efforts made by the Kyoto Protocol to address climate change.
In 1997, representatives of the ________agreed to meet targeted reduction figures for greenhouse gas emissions as written in the Kyoto Protocol.
• a.) developing countries
• b.) United Nations
• c.) European Union
• d.) North Atlantic Treaty Organization
5 — Environmental Policy
Identify the actions required under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
What does NEPA require the government to do when considering an environmental issue?
• a.) Forbid activities that may harm the environment
• b.) Report findings to the public before taking any actions
• c.) Complete a risk assessment
• d.) Identify the favorable impacts on the environment that can be avoided
6 — Risk
Categorize environmental hazards as voluntary or involuntary risks.
Some environmental risks are involuntary because the actions of others are causing the impact, while others are voluntary because __________.
• a.) there are multiple impacts
• b.) there is no impact
• c.) the individual is causing the impact
• d.) others are causing the impact
7 — Sustainability and Solutions
Determine actions associated with sustainable solutions.
Choose the action that is associated with the sustainability factor of reducing waste.
• a.) Michelle’s company promotes local businesses and farming.
• b.) Jocelyn’s company uses recycled office products.
• c.) Tom’s company provides education and contraception to women in developing countries.
• d.) Bruce’s company powers its facilities with renewable energy sources.
8 — Looking Forward
Identify contributions that the government and individuals can make to improve the environment.
Which of the following actions that governments do would negatively affect the environment?
• a.) Provide grants for activities that will improve the environment
• b.) Tax substances and activities that are harmful to the environment
• c.) Implement requirements for reducing energy consumption
• d.) Create technology to enforce rules and regulations
9 — The Future
Determine predicted changes based on current current environemental issues.
What do environmental scientists predict will happen over the next 200 years?
• a.) 90% of Earth's species will be decimated in the next 100 to 150 years.
• b.) Scientists predict the global temperature will increase by 2.5 to 10 degrees over the next century.
• c.) The world’s rainforests will vanish in 200 years at the current rate of deforestation.
• d.) The air will become unbreathable for 30% of people on Earth within 100 years. [Show Less]